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# How to write an Inline IF Statement in JavaScript: 5 Powerful Techniques Revealed

Are you tired of bulky IF-ELSE blocks cluttering your code? Want to make your JavaScript more concise and readable? Eager to impress your fellow developers with elegant conditional logic? Look no further! Mastering inline IF statements in JavaScript is the key to writing cleaner, more efficient code. In this guide, we’ll explore five powerful techniques to craft inline conditionals, empowering you to write more expressive and maintainable JavaScript.

## How to write an Inline IF Statement in JavaScript?

Before we dive into specific methods, let’s understand what an inline IF statement is and why it’s useful. Traditional IF statements in JavaScript can take up several lines of code. An inline IF, on the other hand, allows you to perform conditional logic in a single line or expression. This can make your code more compact and often more readable. The most common form of an inline IF in JavaScript is the ternary operator, which has the following basic syntax:

`condition ? expressionIfTrue : expressionIfFalse`

Now, let’s explore five techniques to write inline IF statements in JavaScript.

Read more: How to Test fetch JavaScript function?

### Method 1: Ternary Operator

The ternary operator is the most common way to write an inline IF statement in JavaScript.

Syntax:

`condition ? expressionIfTrue : expressionIfFalse`

Example:

```const age = 20;
const canVote = age >= 18 ? "Yes" : "No";
console.log(canVote); // Output: "Yes"```

Pros:

• Concise and widely recognized
• Can be nested for more complex conditions

Cons:

• Can become hard to read if overused or nested too deeply
• Only allows for two outcomes (true or false)

### Method 2: Logical AND (&&) Operator

This method uses the logical AND operator to execute code only if a condition is true.

Syntax:

`condition && expressionIfTrue`

Example:

```const isLoggedIn = true;
isLoggedIn && console.log("Welcome back!");
// Output: "Welcome back!"```

Pros:

• Very concise for simple conditionals
• Useful for executing single statements conditionally

Cons:

• Can’t specify an “else” condition
• May be less intuitive for beginners

### Method 3: Logical OR (||) Operator

This method uses the logical OR operator to provide a default value if a condition is false.

Syntax:

`expression || defaultValue`

Example:

```const name = "";
const displayName = name || "Guest";
console.log(displayName); // Output: "Guest"```

Pros:

• Excellent for providing default values
• Short and easy to read

Cons:

• Limited to truthy/falsy evaluations
• Can’t execute complex logic

### Method 4: Nullish Coalescing Operator (??)

This operator provides a default value only if the left-hand expression is null or undefined.

Syntax:

`leftExpression ?? rightExpression`

Example:

```const count = 0;
const displayCount = count ?? "Unknown";
console.log(displayCount); // Output: 0```

Pros:

• More precise than || for default values
• Distinguishes between falsy values and null/undefined

Cons:

• Not supported in older browsers
• Limited to null/undefined checks

### Method 5: Immediately Invoked Function Expression (IIFE)

This method uses an IIFE to create a block scope for more complex inline logic.

Syntax:

`(function() { if (condition) { return trueValue; } else { return falseValue; } })()`

Example:

```const score = 75;
if (score >= 90) return 'A';
if (score >= 80) return 'B';
if (score >= 70) return 'C';
return 'F';
})();

Pros:

• Allows for more complex conditional logic
• Creates a separate scope for variables

Cons:

• More verbose than other methods
• Can be overkill for simple conditions

## Which Method Should You Use?

The choice of method depends on your specific needs and the complexity of your condition:

1. Use the ternary operator for simple if-else conditions.
2. Choose the logical AND (&&) operator for executing a single statement conditionally.
3. Opt for the logical OR (||) operator when providing default values for falsy expressions.
4. Use the nullish coalescing operator (??) for default values specific to null or undefined.
5. Consider an IIFE for more complex inline conditional logic.

For most simple cases, the ternary operator provides a good balance of readability and functionality. However, as your conditions become more complex, you might find the other methods more suitable for specific scenarios.

By mastering these techniques, you’ll be well-equipped to write more concise and expressive conditional logic in your JavaScript code. Remember, the key is to choose the method that best fits your specific use case and maintains code readability. Happy coding!

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